To prove his point, Pavlopoulos took me on a tasting tour that included Salvadoran pupusas and horchata in La Petite-Patrie, gourmet cheeses, mushrooms and gelato in Little Italy and hipster coffee and craft beer joints in Mile-Ex — three dramatically different areas within a 20-minute walk of one another.
Even lifelong locals are amazed by the surprising variety one encounters while moving from one area of Montreal to another. “It is a pleasure to be able to calculate, to subdue, to rub shoulders with the mystery that was taking place in the neighborhoods, villages and alleys of Montreal,” wrote Monique LaRue in her award-winning 2009 novel “L’Oeil de Marquise.” And that continues to hold true.
“Montreal is special in that it has managed to preserve a great number of inner-city neighborhoods from the ravages of urban renewal,” Wood added. “Not to say the city hasn’t seen its share of expropriations, demolitions and car-centric projects. However, you can still find parts of town very much on the human scale. The street grid, reliable public transit and a growing number of bike paths make them easy to explore.”
On foot, by bike or via public transportation, the city is ripe for exploration. Here are a dozen neighborhoods to get you started:
Today, the city’s oldest district, founded as a fur trading post in 1605 by Samuel de Champlain, is a mélange of shops, bars and sidewalk cafes that attracts visitors and locals in equal measure.
Thirty years ago, this wasn’t the case. Many of the Vieux-Montréal structures were vacant, and most of the residents had fled to other areas, draining the neighborhood of life. But since listed historical buildings cannot be torn down, in recent years people began renovating them into modern business, entertainment and residential spaces.
Gentrification has transformed the Plateau into an artsy, upscale neighborhood where residents bike to work and school, “renaturalize” their alleyways with murals and gardens and restore the wrought iron stairs and colorful facades of their Victorian townhouses.
A sort of east coast version of Berkeley, the Plateau is also renowned for the militant attitude of its mayor and many residents, especially when it comes to motor vehicles. Copious bike lanes, expanded sidewalks and more park land have greatly reduced traffic in the neighborhood and created one of Canada’s most livable urban environments.
“Rents have doubled in recent years,” Thériault explained as we cruised down one of the Plateau’s many bike lanes. “But cafe life and the number of patisseries has increased. And you can get food from different regions of France. Finding an apartment in Le Plateau is much harder now, but your chance of finding a good croissant has greatly improved.”
Montreal’s creative cauldron, Mile End is home to artists and writers, musicians and filmmakers, as well as galleries, bookstores and entertainment venues packed into an area that barely covers one square mile.
As Mile End moves up the food chain, many of the younger, edgier artists have migrated to adjacent Mile-Ex, a former industrial zone now filled with ateliers and hipster hangouts.
The world of sci-fi owes a debt of gratitude to Mile End, for this is the neighborhood that shaped the young Captain Kirk — it’s the place where William Shatner was born and raised.
Rather than having one distinct personality, this trendy neighborhood just north of Le Plateau cultivates two totally different vibes.
Chic shopping is the main event along the Rue Saint-Hubert, home to more than 400 boutiques, many of them one-off shops with unusual or offbeat items.
But the neighborhood also has a Latin flair, a delicious array of Hispanic eateries like the Salvadoran Resto Los Planes (their pupusas are to die for) or the Peruvian El Jibaro.
Simply called “The Village” by locals, this compact neighborhood sprawls along Rue Sainte-Catherine between the Plateau and the St. Lawrence River.
Once down and out, the area has morphed into a lively dining, drinking and entertainment hub where more than 80 bars and restaurants serve the city’s large LGBT community and anyone else looking for an alternative night out.
“Gay Village is a great example of Montreal’s neighborhoods continuing to evolve,” Thériault said. “A couple of decades ago, this was the city’s roughest area, the only place there was street crime. People shooting up, prostitutes on the street corners, people getting mugged.”
The gay residents who started moving in transformed the area, he said.
The area is synonymous with the Boules Roses — a canopy of pink balls by landscape architect Claude Cormier that hovers above a one-kilometer stretch of the Sainte-Catherine pedestrian zone.
The Village also hosts an annual summer event called Aires Libres that brings new, original and often startling public art to the neighborhood.
Italians have been in Montreal for nearly as long as the French, thanks to a 16th-century regiment recruited from northern Italy and sent to reinforce the king’s army in New France.
While the community revolves around the red brick Church of the Madonna della Difesa (a national historic site), visitors flock to the vibrant market to sample all sorts of gourmet foods and drinks.
Italian eateries also abound. But Little Italy’s most unique culinary attraction is arguably Southern fried chicken at Dinette Triple Crown, which offers fully-stocked baskets for those who want to picnic across the street in Parc de la Petite-Italie.
Historic Jewish Quarter
Although it was never a ghetto in the eastern European sense of the term, the area along Boulevard St. Laurent between McGill University and Mile End has long had a strong Jewish flavor.
One of the few neighborhoods named for the First Nations people who once lived there, Hochelega was the name of an Iroquoian village that Jacques Cartier visited in the 1530s on his first trip up the St. Lawrence River.
Now it’s renowned as the home of Montreal’s Olympic Stadium and of Parc Maisonneuve with its botanical garden, insectarium and planetarium.
A microcosm of modern Montreal, Côte-des-Neiges harbors residents from more than a hundred different ethnic groups from just about every corner of the planet.
A brief stroll down the Chemin de la Côte-des-Neiges, the neighborhood’s main drag, reveals a wealth of ethnic eateries — Thai, Vietnamese, Chinese, Cambodian and Japanese, Middle Eastern, American, British, Italian, French and Haitian.
Hovering above the area is the massive St. Joseph’s Oratory, the largest church in Canada. Côte-des-Neiges is also a gateway to the warren of trails that meander through the thick woods and cemeteries on the north side of Mont Royal.
Located near the Lachine Canal on the south side of downtown, Little Burgundy is one of Canada’s most celebrated black neighborhoods, as well as the cradle of Canadian jazz.
Although gentrification has changed the demographics of the district in recent years, the population was originally comprised of a blend of Caribbean immigrants and black people drawn from other parts of Canada by railway jobs, including the descendants of former slaves who escaped from the United States into Canada via the Underground Railroad.
Rue Notre-Dame, the main drag through Little Burgundy, has become a haven for trendy little cafes and antique shops.
The Islands/Cité du Havre
This urban archipelago is made up of two main islands: Île Sainte-Hélène, a natural island that French explorer Samuel de Champlain named after his wife, and Île Notre-Dame, an artificial island created in the 1960s from all the dirt and rock excavated during the creation of the Montreal Metro.
FYI: The average purchase price of a Habitat 67 “cube” unit is around C $600,000.
Quartier des Spectacles
As the name suggests, “spectacles” of one sort or another are the raison d’être of this flashy district between the Old Town and McGill University.
Though the district was conceived in the early 2000s as part of a concerted effort to boost Montreal’s cultural life, it’s now a bona fide inner city neighborhood that draws locals and visitors alike.
Among its many other cultural institutions are Montreal’s central library, the Museum of Contemporary Art, the National Theatre School of Canada, the historic Club Soda music club and the Cinémathèque Québécoise.
Joe Yogerst is a freelance travel, business and entertainment writer based in California.